Overview

2 Samuel 1 is a chapter that marks a significant transition in Israel's history, featuring David's response to the deaths of Saul and Jonathan. It highlights David's respect for the former king and his profound grief for his friend Jonathan. Key aspects include:
David Learns of Saul and Jonathan’s Deaths: After Saul's death, an Amalekite arrives at David's camp in Ziklag, claiming he found Saul mortally wounded on Mount Gilboa and killed him at Saul’s request. He brings Saul's crown and bracelet to David.
David’s Mourning and Inquiry: David and his men mourn, fast, and weep upon hearing of the deaths of Saul and Jonathan. David questions the Amalekite about how he is not afraid to kill the LORD’s anointed.
Execution of the Amalekite: The Amalekite’s claim to have killed Saul, whether true or fabricated to gain favor with David, leads to his death. David orders his execution for striking down the anointed king.
David’s Lament for Saul and Jonathan: David composes a lament for Saul and Jonathan, emphasizing Saul’s successes as a warrior and Jonathan’s deep friendship. He instructs that the people of Judah be taught this lament.
The Beauty of Israel: The lament, known as “The Song of the Bow,” is recorded in the Book of Jashar. It poetically mourns the fall of “the beauty of Israel” on the mountains and reflects on the tragedy of war.
David’s Respect for Saul: Despite Saul’s pursuit of David, the lament shows David’s respect for him as the LORD’s anointed and as the father of his cherished friend Jonathan.
David’s Bond with Jonathan: The lament also expresses David's deep sorrow for the loss of Jonathan, highlighting their close and loyal friendship.
2 Samuel 1 sets the stage for David's ascension to the throne, showcasing his character in the face of Saul and Jonathan's deaths. David's reactions reflect his respect for God's anointed king, his capacity for compassion and honor, and his ability to grieve deeply for his friend. The chapter serves as a bridge from the turmoil of Saul's reign to the establishment of David's kingship, highlighting the themes of honor, loyalty, and the human cost of conflict.

2 Samuel 1

1  Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;
🔑 Devotion

2  It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.

3  And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.

4  And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.

5  And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

6  And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.

7  And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I.

8  And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.

9  He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.

10  So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

11  Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:

12  And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

13  And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.

14  And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD'S anointed?

15  And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died.

16  And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD'S anointed.

17  And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:

18  (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

19  The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen!

20  Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.

21  Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.

🔑 Devotion

22  From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.

23  Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

24  Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.

25  How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.

26  I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.

27  How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!

End of 2 Samuel 1


1 Year Plan:  May 6 - 1 Sa 31; 2 Sa 1,  Acts 1

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