Overview

John 18 delves into the events leading to Jesus' crucifixion. It is divided into several key sections:
The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus (verses 1-11): Jesus goes to the Garden of Gethsemane with His disciples. Judas, who has betrayed Him, leads the soldiers and officials to arrest Jesus. Jesus voluntarily goes with them after identifying Himself, asking them to let His disciples go. Peter attempts to defend Jesus by cutting off a servant's ear, but Jesus rebukes him.
Jesus Before the High Priest (verses 12-14, 19-24): Jesus is brought to Annas, the father-in-law of the high priest, Caiaphas. He is questioned about His teachings and followers. Jesus responds that He spoke openly, and His words are well known. An official strikes Jesus for His answer, but Jesus stands firm.
Peter's Denials (verses 15-18, 25-27): Peter and another disciple follow Jesus to the high priest's courtyard. Peter denies knowing Jesus three times, fulfilling Jesus' prophecy. A rooster's crow marks the final denial.
Jesus Before Pilate (verses 28-40): Jesus is taken to Pilate, the Roman governor. The Jewish leaders accuse Him of declaring Himself a king, a challenge to Roman authority. Pilate questions Jesus but finds no basis for a charge. He offers to release a prisoner for the Passover, but the crowd chooses Barabbas, a robber, over Jesus.
John 18 paints a vivid picture of Jesus' arrest and trials, highlighting the fulfillment of prophecies and the tension between Jesus and the religious leaders. The chapter sets the stage for the climactic events to follow, showcasing Jesus' unwavering resolve and the tragic failure of those who should have stood by Him.

John 18

When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.

2  And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.

Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

4  Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

5  They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

6  As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

7  Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:

9  That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

10  Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.

11  Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

12  Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

13  And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

14  Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

15  And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.

16  But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.

17  Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not.

18  And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.

19  The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.

20  Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.

21  Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.

22  And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?

23  Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?

24  Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

25  And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.

26  One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?

27  Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

28  Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

29  Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?

30  They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.

31  Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

32  That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

33  Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

34  Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?

35  Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?

36  Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

37  Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

38  Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

39  But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

40  Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

End of John 18


1 Year Plan:  May 1 - 1 Sa 21, 1 Sa 22,  John 18 [next day]

Got a Question or Comment?

Let's Talk!
<< Back
John Menu
Next >>
Unnamed