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Judges 10


Judges 10 presents a narrative that includes the leadership of judges Tola and Jair, Israel’s repeated cycle of sin, and their eventual plea for deliverance. This chapter underscores the Israelites' struggle to remain faithful to God and the consequences of their rebellion. Key aspects include:
Tola’s Judgeship: After Abimelech's death, Tola, from the tribe of Issachar, rises to lead and judge Israel. He lives in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim and judges Israel for twenty-three years.
Jair’s Rule: Following Tola, Jair from Gilead judges Israel for twenty-two years. He is noted for having thirty sons who rode thirty donkeys and had thirty towns in Gilead, known as Havvoth Jair.
Israel’s Cycle of Sin: Despite the leadership of Tola and Jair, the Israelites continue their cycle of sin. They turn away from God and serve various foreign gods, including those of the Ammonites and Philistines.
God’s Anger and Israel’s Oppression: God’s anger is kindled against Israel due to their idolatry. He sells them into the hands of the Philistines and Ammonites, who oppress and crush the Israelites for eighteen years.
Israel’s Repentance: The oppression leads Israel to acknowledge their sin and cry out to God for help. They admit to forsaking God and serving Baals.
God’s Initial Refusal: In response to their plea, God initially refuses to save them, reminding them of the times He delivered them from their enemies and their subsequent abandonment of Him. He tells them to cry out to the gods they have chosen.
Israel’s Further Repentance and Removal of Idols: The Israelites further humble themselves, removing the foreign gods and serving the LORD alone. They continue to suffer under the Ammonite oppression and await deliverance.
Setting the Stage for Jephthah: The chapter sets the stage for the rise of Jephthah, who will become the next judge of Israel in response to the Ammonite threat.
Judges 10 depicts a familiar pattern of Israel’s disobedience, suffering, and repentance, emphasizing the theme of God’s justice balanced with His mercy. The chapter highlights the Israelites' repeated failure to remain faithful and the patient endurance of God, who, despite frustration and anger, remains responsive to genuine repentance.

Judges 10

1  And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.

2  And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.

3  And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years.

4  And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.

5  And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.

6  And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

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7  And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

8  And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.

9  Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.

10  And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, saying, We have sinned against thee, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.

11  And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines?

12  The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand.

13  Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.

🔑 Devotion

14  Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.

15  And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day.

16  And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.

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17  Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.

18  And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.

End of Judges 10

1 Year Plan:  Apr 14 - Jdg 9, Jdg 10,  John 6

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