Leviticus 12 focuses on the ceremonial cleanliness related to childbirth, outlining specific purification rituals for women. The chapter covers:
Purification Period: After giving birth to a son, a woman is considered ceremonially unclean for seven days, mirroring the uncleanness during her menstrual period. If she gives birth to a daughter, the period of uncleanness is fourteen days.
Period of Reduced Uncleanness: Following the initial unclean period, there is an extended period (33 days for a son, 66 days for a daughter) during which the woman is in a state of reduced uncleanness. She is not to touch any sacred thing or go to the sanctuary until the days of her purifying are completed.
Completion of Purification: At the end of her purification, the woman is required to bring a lamb as a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a dove as a sin offering to the priest at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
Provision for the Poor: If she cannot afford a lamb, she may bring two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering.
Priest's Role: The priest will offer these before the Lord and make atonement for her, completing her purification process.
Leviticus 12 highlights the significance of ritual purity in ancient Israelite society, especially concerning natural biological processes like childbirth. The rituals and offerings prescribed ensure the woman's reintegration into the community's religious life and her ability to participate fully in worship and communal activities. The chapter reflects the deep interconnection between physical life and spiritual practices in the Israelite faith.

Leviticus 12

1  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

2  Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a woman have conceived seed, and born a man child: then she shall be unclean seven days; according to the days of the separation for her infirmity shall she be unclean.

3  And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.

4  And she shall then continue in the blood of her purifying three and thirty days; she shall touch no hallowed thing, nor come into the sanctuary, until the days of her purifying be fulfilled.

5  But if she bear a maid child, then she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her separation: and she shall continue in the blood of her purifying threescore and six days.

6  And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring a lamb of the first year for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon, or a turtledove, for a sin offering, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, unto the priest:

7  Who shall offer it before the LORD, and make an atonement for her; and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that hath born a male or a female.

8  And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean.

End of Leviticus 12

1 Year Plan: Feb 17 - Lev 11, Lev 12, Mk 6

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