Submission to Authorities (verses 1-7): Paul discusses the importance of submitting to governing authorities, stating that they are instituted by God for maintaining order. Resistance to such authority is tantamount to opposing God's arrangement. Love as a Debt (verses 8-10): The chapter takes a turn to focus on love as a never-ending debt. According to Paul, love fulfills the law, making other commandments secondary. In practicing love, one adheres to the essence of God’s law.
Awakening from Sleep (verses 11-14): Paul concludes by urging believers to be aware of the times, encouraging them to "wake up" from sinful behaviors. He advises putting on "the armor of light" and living decently, as in the daytime, avoiding all kinds of immoral behavior.
Romans 13 lays a framework for how Christians should interact with governmental systems, advocating for submission and obedience. Yet, it equally emphasizes that love remains the greatest commitment and the truest expression of God's law.

Romans 13

Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.

Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

3  For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:

4  For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.

5  Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

6  For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.

7  Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.

8  Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

9  For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

10  Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

11  And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.

12  The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

13  Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.

14  But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

End of Romans 13

1 Year Plan:  Jul 2 - 2 Chr 22, 2 Chr 23,  Rom 13 [next day]

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