Overview

2 Samuel 8 is a chapter that showcases King David’s prowess as a military leader and his effectiveness in establishing a secure and just rule over Israel. This chapter highlights his conquests and the administrative measures he put in place to govern the kingdom. Key aspects include:
Victory over the Philistines: David defeats the Philistines and gains control over their territory, securing Israel’s borders from this longstanding enemy.
Conquest of Moab: David also defeats the Moabites. The extent of the victory is shown by the Moabites becoming David's subjects and paying tribute, signifying their subjugation.
Defeat of Hadadezer and the Arameans: David defeats Hadadezer, king of Zobah, when he tries to restore his control at the Euphrates River. David captures a large number of chariots and horsemen. The Arameans come to help Hadadezer but are also defeated by David.
Capture of Ammonite and Aramean Shields: David seizes the shields of gold that belonged to the servants of Hadadezer and brings them to Jerusalem, symbolizing his military success and the accumulation of wealth for Israel.
David’s Fair Administration: The chapter also notes that David administers justice and righteousness for all his people, highlighting his role as a just and equitable ruler.
David’s Officials: The chapter lists key figures in David’s administration, including Joab as commander of the army, Jehoshaphat as recorder, Zadok and Ahimelech as priests, and others. This administrative structure demonstrates the organization and stability of David’s reign.
2 Samuel 8 paints a picture of David as a capable and successful king who not only expands Israel’s territory through military victories but also ensures justice and fairness in his rule. His conquests bring peace and stability to the kingdom, which allow for the prosperity and consolidation of Israel under his leadership. This chapter sets the stage for Israel’s golden age, underpinning the nation’s growth and the establishment of a well-organized state.

2 Samuel 8

1  And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

2  And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.

3  David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

4  And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.

5  And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

6  Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

7  And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.

8  And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

9  When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

10  Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

11  Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;

12  Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13  And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

🔑 Devotion

14  And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

15  And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.

16  And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

17  And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;

18  And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.

End of 2 Samuel 8


1 Year Plan:  May 9 - 2 Sa 7, 2 Sa 8, Acts 3

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