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Joshua 13


Joshua 13 marks a transition from the conquest narratives to the allocation of the land among the tribes of Israel. This chapter outlines the distribution of both unconquered lands in Canaan and the territories on the east side of the Jordan River. Key aspects include:
Remaining Unconquered Lands: The chapter begins with God telling Joshua that there are still large areas of land to be taken, including regions of the Philistines, Geshurites, and various Canaanite territories.
Allocation to the Eastern Tribes: The narrative shifts to the territories east of the Jordan, which Moses had previously allocated to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. The boundaries and cities within these territories are described in detail.
Land of the Reubenites: The land allotted to the Reubenites includes areas from Aroer on the edge of the Arnon Gorge and the city in the middle of the gorge, extending to the Jabbok River, which is the border with the Ammonites.
Territory of the Gadites: The territory of the Gadites is described, including Jazer, all the towns of Gilead, and half of the land of the Ammonites to Aroer near Rabbah.
Half-Tribe of Manasseh: The half-tribe of Manasseh's territory is outlined, encompassing Mahanaim, all of Bashan (the kingdom of Og), and the settlements of Jair in Bashan, including sixty towns.
Moses’ Allocation of Land: The chapter reiterates that these lands were allocated by Moses when the Israelites were in the plains of Moab across the Jordan east of Jericho. However, Moses did not give any inheritance to the tribe of Levi; the LORD, the God of Israel, is their inheritance, as He promised them.
Joshua 13 serves as a pivotal chapter in the Book of Joshua, bridging the conquest of the land with the practical matter of dividing it among the tribes. It underscores the fulfillment of the Israelites' inheritance and God's promise to the patriarchs, with specific attention to the tribes that settled east of the Jordan River. This allocation of land sets the stage for the detailed descriptions of the tribal territories in the chapters that follow.

Joshua 13

1  Now Joshua was old and stricken in years; and the LORD said unto him, Thou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed.
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2  This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri,

3  From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, which is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:

4  From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that is beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites:

5  And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.

6  All the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon unto Misrephothmaim, and all the Sidonians, them will I drive out from before the children of Israel: only divide thou it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have commanded thee.

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7  Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh,

8  With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond Jordan eastward, even as Moses the servant of the LORD gave them;

9  From Aroer, that is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the plain of Medeba unto Dibon;

10  And all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, unto the border of the children of Ammon;

11  And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan unto Salcah;

12  All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Moses smite, and cast them out.

13  Nevertheless the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day.

14  Only unto the tribe of Levi he gave none inheritance; the sacrifices of the LORD God of Israel made by fire are their inheritance, as he said unto them.

15  And Moses gave unto the tribe of the children of Reuben inheritance according to their families.

16  And their coast was from Aroer, that is on the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the plain by Medeba;

17  Heshbon, and all her cities that are in the plain; Dibon, and Bamothbaal, and Bethbaalmeon,

18  And Jahazah, and Kedemoth, and Mephaath,

19  And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,

20  And Bethpeor, and Ashdothpisgah, and Bethjeshimoth,

21  And all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote with the princes of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, which were dukes of Sihon, dwelling in the country.

22  Balaam also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay with the sword among them that were slain by them.

23  And the border of the children of Reuben was Jordan, and the border thereof. This was the inheritance of the children of Reuben after their families, the cities and the villages thereof.

24  And Moses gave inheritance unto the tribe of Gad, even unto the children of Gad according to their families.

25  And their coast was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the children of Ammon, unto Aroer that is before Rabbah;

26  And from Heshbon unto Ramathmizpeh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim unto the border of Debir;

27  And in the valley, Betharam, and Bethnimrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, Jordan and his border, even unto the edge of the sea of Chinnereth on the other side Jordan eastward.

28  This is the inheritance of the children of Gad after their families, the cities, and their villages.

29  And Moses gave inheritance unto the half tribe of Manasseh: and this was the possession of the half tribe of the children of Manasseh by their families.

30  And their coast was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which are in Bashan, threescore cities:

31  And half Gilead, and Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were pertaining unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, even to the one half of the children of Machir by their families.

32  These are the countries which Moses did distribute for inheritance in the plains of Moab, on the other side Jordan, by Jericho, eastward.

33  But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave not any inheritance: the LORD God of Israel was their inheritance, as he said unto them.

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End of Joshua 13

1 Year Plan:  Apr 4 - Josh 12, Josh 13,  Luk 23

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